ISLAMABAD: The government has borrowed Rs3.2 trillion from State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) for budget financing during first ten months of current fiscal year, Economic Survey of Pakistan revealed.
The survey released a day earlier stated that during July 01, 2018-April 26, 2019 government borrowed Rs 1,073.0 billion for budgetary support compared to Rs 850 billion in the same period last year, of which, government has borrowed from SBP Rs 3,204.7 billion as compared to Rs 1,316.1 billion last year.
On the other hand, government retired Rs 2,131.7 billion to scheduled banks against retirement of Rs 466.1 billion in last year. Net government sector borrowing thus remained at Rs 908.0 billion during the period under review compared with Rs 813.6 billion last year.
During the period 01 Jul-26 Apr, FY2019 money supply (M2) increased by Rs 625.3 billion (growth of 3.9 percent) compared with Rs 601.8 billion (4.1 percent) in comparable period of last year.
Net Domestic Assets (NDA) is the main contributor to M2 growth.
Net Foreign Assets (NFA) point contribution is negative and stood at (-5.5 percent) during the period under review compared with (-3.3 percent) in the same period last year.
NDA point contribution has increased to 9.4 percent compared with 7.4 percent last year. NDA point contribution growth partially offset by NFA negative growth, thus overall money supply grew by 3.9 percent during the period under review.
On the other hand, reserve money posted an expansion of Rs 488.0 billion (growth of 8.9 percent) during 01 Jul-26 Apr, FY2019 against Rs 260.5 billion (5.4 percent) last year.
SBP’s NDA posted a growth of 22.5 percent compared with 18.18 percent during the same period last year, whereas, SBP’s NFA decreased by Rs 743.8 billion compared with contraction of Rs 473.7 billion in the comparable period last year.
Therefore, reserve money growth stemmed from NDA of the SBP whereas NFA outstanding stock remained negative during the period under review.
Within Broad Money, NFA of the banking sector further contracted to Rs 882.4 billion during 01 Jul-26 Apr, FY2019. During same period last year, it was contracted by Rs 475.4 billion.
Therefore, SBA and scheduled bank’s NFA remained negative during the period under review.
During the period 01 Jul-26 Apr, FY2019 NDA of the banking sector registered an expansion of Rs 1,507.7 billion (growth of 9.3 percent) compared with Rs 1,077.2 billion (7.7 percent) during the comparable period last year.
NDA of SBP increased by Rs 1,132.5 billion as compared with Rs 661.5 billion during same period last year.
The NDA of scheduled banks witnessed an expansion of Rs 375.1 billion compared to expansion of Rs 415.7 billion in the same period of last year.
Government sector borrowing and private sector credit mutually impacted NDA growth of the banking system, which was more than offset the contraction in NFA of the banking system.
Consequently, broad money growth increased to 3.9 percent during 01 Jul-26 Apr, FY2019 as compared to 4.1 percent during the comparable period last year.
Credit to Public Sector Enterprises (PSEs) increased by Rs 312.1 billion during the period 01 Jul-26 Apr, FY2019 against Rs 153.2 billion during the same period of last year.