Section 108 of Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 deals with income and deduction for tax in respect of any transaction between associates.
Following is the text of Section 108 of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001:
108. Transactions between associates. — (1) The Commissioner may, in respect of any transaction between persons who are associates, distribute, apportion or allocate income, deductions or tax credits between the persons as is necessary to reflect the income that the persons would have realised in an arm’s length transaction.
(2) In making any adjustment under sub-section (1), the Commissioner may determine the source of income and the nature of any payment or loss as revenue, capital or otherwise.
“(3) Every taxpayer who has entered into a transaction with its associate shall:
(a) maintain a master file and a local file containing documents and information as may be prescribed;
(b) keep, maintain and furnish to the Board prescribed country-by-country report, where applicable;
(c) keep and maintain any other information and document in respect of transaction with its associate as may be prescribed; and
(d) keep the files, documents, information and reports specified in clauses (a) to (c) for the period as may be prescribed.
(4) A taxpayer who has entered into a transaction with its associate shall furnish, within thirty days the documents and information to be kept and maintained under clause (a), (c) or (d) of sub-section (3) if required by the Commissioner in the course of any proceedings under this Ordinance.;
(5) The Commissioner may, by an order in writing, grant the taxpayer an extension of time for furnishing the documents and information under sub-section (4), if the taxpayer applies in writing to the Commissioner for an extension of time to furnish the said documents or information:
Provided that the Commissioner shall not grant an extension of more than forty-five days, when such information or documents were required to be furnished under sub-section (4), unless there are exceptional circumstances justifying a longer extension of time.”