A provisional assessment is calculation of tax due on a person who has failed to file income tax return for a tax year. A commissioner of Inland Revenue of Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) has been empowered to make provisional assessment of such person under Income Tax Ordinance, 2001.
According to Tenth Schedule of Income Tax Ordinance, 200, the Provisional assessment is:
(1) Where for a tax year person’s tax has been collected or deducted in accordance with rule 1 and the person fails to file return of income for that tax year within the due date provided in section 118 or as extended by the Board, the Commissioner shall notwithstanding anything contained in sub-sections (3) and (4) of section 114, within sixty days of the due date provided in section 118 or as extended by the Board make a provisional assessment of the taxable income of the person and issue a provisional assessment order specifying the taxable income assessed and tax due thereon.
(2) In making the provisional assessment under sub-rule (1), the Commissioner shall impute taxable income on the amount of tax deducted or collected under rule 1 by treating the imputed income as concealed income for the purposes of clause (d) of sub-section (1) of section 111:
Provided that the provision of section 111 shall be applicable on unexplained income, asset or expenditure in excess of imputed income treated as concealed income under this rule.”
“Explanation.- For the removal of doubt it is clarified that the imputable income so calculated or concealed income so determined shall not absolve the person so assessed, from requirement of filing of wealth statement under sub-section (1) of section 116, the nature and source of amounts subject to deduction or collection of tax under section 111, section of audit under section 177 or 214C or subsequent amendment of assessment as provided in rule 8 and all the provisions of the Ordinance shall apply.”