Section 37A of Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 has explained the tax treatment of capital gain on disposal of securities in the capital market.
Following is the text of Section 37A of Income Tax Ordinance, 2001:
37A. Capital gain on disposal of securities.—(1) The capital gain arising on or after the first day of July 2010, from disposal of securities, other than a gain that is exempt from tax under this Ordinance, shall be chargeable to tax at the rates specified in Division VII of Part I of the First Schedule:
Provided that this section shall not apply to a banking company and an insurance company.
(1A) The gain arising on the disposal of a security by a person shall be computed in accordance with the following formula, namely: —
A – B
(i) ‘A’ is the consideration received by the person on disposal of the security; and
(ii) ‘B’ is the cost of acquisition of the security.
(2) The holding period of a security, for the purposes of this section, shall be reckoned from the date of acquisition (whether before, on or after the thirtieth day of June, 2010) to the date of disposal of such security falling after the thirtieth day of June, 2010.
(3) For the purposes of this section “security” means share of a public company, voucher of Pakistan Telecommunication Corporation, Modaraba Certificate, an instrument of redeemable capital,debt Securities, unit of exchange traded fund and derivative products.
(3A) For the purpose of this section, “debt securities” means –
(a) Corporate Debt Securities such as Term Finance Certificates (TFCs), Sukuk Certificates (Sharia Compliant Bonds), Registered Bonds, Commercial Papers, Participation Term Certificates (PTCs) and all kinds of debt instruments issued by any Pakistani or foreign company or corporation registered in Pakistan; and
(b) Government Debt Securities such as Treasury Bills (T-bills), Federal Investment Bonds (FIBs), Pakistan Investment Bonds (PIBs), Foreign Currency Bonds, Government Papers, Municipal Bonds, Infrastructure Bonds and all kinds of debt instruments issued by Federal Government, Provincial Governments, Local Authorities and other statutory bodies.
“Explanation: For removal of doubt it is clarified that derivative products include future commodity contracts entered into by the members of Pakistan Mercantile Exchange whether or not settled by physical delivery.”
(3B) For the purpose of this section, “shares of a public company” shall be considered as security if such company is a public company at the time of disposal of such shares.
(4) Gain under this section shall be treated as a separate block of income.
(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Ordinance, where a person sustains a loss on disposal of securities in a tax year, the loss shall be set off only against the gain of the person from any other securities chargeable to tax under this section and no loss shall be carried forward to the subsequent tax year:
Provided that so much of the loss sustained on disposal of securities in tax year 20l9 and onwards that has not been set off against the gain of the person from disposal of securities chargeable to tax under this section shall be carried forward to the following tax year and set off only against the gain of the person from disposal of securities chargeable to tax under this section, but no such loss shall be carried forward to more than three tax years immediately succeeding the tax year for which the loss was first computed.
(6) To carry out purpose of this section, the Board may prescribe rules.
(Disclaimer: The text of above section is only for information. Team PkRevenue.com makes all efforts to provide the correct version of the text. However, the team PkRevenue.com is not responsible for any error or omission.)