Rules for tax computation of the profits and gains from the exploration and extraction of mineral deposits (other than petroleum) under Part II, Fifth Schedule of Income Tax Ordinance, 2001.
The Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) issued the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 updated up to June 30, 2021. The Ordinance incorporated amendments brought through Finance Act, 2021.
Following is the text of Part II, Fifth Schedule of Income Tax Ordinance, 2001:
RULES FOR THE COMPUTATION OF THE PROFITS AND GAINS FROM THE EXPLORATION AND EXTRACTION OF MINERAL DEPOSITS (OTHER THAN PETROLEUM)
Exploration and Extraction of Mineral Deposits a Separate Business
1. Where any person carries on, or is treated as carrying on, any business which consists of or includes the exploration or extraction of mineral deposits of a wasting nature (other than petroleum) in Pakistan, such business or part thereof, as the case may be, shall be, for the purposes of this Ordinance or the repealed Ordinance, treated as a separate undertaking (hereinafter referred to as “such undertaking”) and the profits and gains of such undertaking shall be computed separately from the income, profits and gains from any other business, if any, carried on by the person.
Computation of Profits
2. (1) Subject to the provisions of this Part, the profits and gains of such undertaking shall be computed in the manner applicable to income, profits and gains chargeable under the head “Income from Business”.
(2) All expenditure on prospecting and exploration incurred by such undertaking up to the date of commercial production shall be, to the extent to which it cannot be set off against any other income of such undertaking, treated as a loss.
(3) The loss referred to in sub-rule (2) shall be carried forward and set off against the income of such undertaking after the commencement of commercial production, so, however, that if it cannot be wholly set off against the income of such undertaking of the tax year in which the commercial production had commenced, the portion not so set off shall be carried forward to the following year and so on, but no such loss shall be carried forward for more than ten years beginning with the year in which commercial production commenced.
(4) After the commencement of commercial production, depreciation in respect of machinery and plant for extracting the ore shall be allowed as a deduction from the profits and gains of the tax year in which they are used for the first time in an amount equal to the original cost of such asset and the provisions of section 22 shall apply accordingly.
2A. The provisions of section 4B shall apply to the taxpayers under this Part and taxed at the rates specified in Division IIA of Part I of the First Schedule.
3. (1) In determining the profits and gains of such undertaking for any year an additional allowance (hereinafter referred to as the “depletion allowance”) shall be made equal to twenty per cent of the taxable income of such undertaking (before the deduction of such allowance).
(2) No deduction under sub-rule (1) shall be made unless an amount equal to the depletion allowance is set apart and left as a reserve to be utilised for the development and expansion of such undertaking.
(3) Where a depletion allowance is made in any tax year and subsequently it is utilised for any purpose contrary to the provisions of sub-rule (2), the amount originally allowed under this Ordinance shall be treated as having been wrongly allowed and the Commissioner may, notwithstanding anything contained in the Ordinance, recompute the taxable income of the taxpayer for the relevant tax years and the provisions of section 122 shall apply, so far as may be, thereto, the period of five years specified in the section being reckoned from the end of the tax year in which the amount was so utilised.
Provisions Relating to Rules
5. The Board may make rules providing for any matter connected with, or incidental to, the operations of this Part.
6. In this Part, –
(1) “commercial production” means production as determined by the Commissioner; and
(2) “petroleum” has the same meaning as in clause (4) of rule 6 of Part I.
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