Section 214 of Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 has explained that all income tax authorities are required to observe and follow the orders, instructions and directions issued by the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR). The FBR is has also been empowered to select taxpayers for audit and call for the record.
Following is the text of Section 214 of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001:
214. Income tax authorities to follow orders of the Board. —(1) Subject to sub-section (2), all income tax authorities and other persons employed in the execution of this Ordinance shall observe and follow the orders, instructions and directions issued by the Board.
(2) No orders, instructions or directions shall be given by the Board that will interfere with the discretion of the Commissioner (Appeals) in the exercise of his appellate function.
214A. Condonation of time limit.— Where any time or period has been specified under any of the provisions of the Ordinance or rules made there-under within which any application is to be made or any act or thing is to be done, the Board may, in any case or class of cases, permit such application to be made or such act or thing to be done within such time or period as it may consider appropriate.
Explanation,— For the purpose of this section, the expression “any act or thing is to be done” includes any act or thing to be done by the taxpayer or by the authorities specified in section 207.
Provided that the Board may, by notification in the official Gazette, and subject to such limitations or conditions as may be specified therein, empower any Commissioner or Chief Commissioner under this Ordinance to exercise the powers under this section in any case or class of cases.
214B. Power of the Board to call for records.— (1) The Board may, of its own motion, call for and examine the record of any departmental proceedings under this Ordinance or the rules made there-under for the purpose of satisfying itself as to the legality or propriety of any decision or order passed therein and may pass such order as it may think fit:
Provided that no order imposing or enhancing any tax or penalty than the originally levied shall be passed unless the person affected by such order has been given an opportunity of showing cause and of being heard.
(2) No proceedings under this section shall be initiated in a case where an appeal is pending.
(3) No order shall be made under this section after the expiry of three years from the date of original decision or order.
214C. Selection for audit by the Board.— (1) The Board may select persons or classes of persons for audit of Income Tax affairs through computer ballot which may be random or parametric as the Board may deem fit.
(1A) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Ordinance or any other law, for the time being in force, the Board shall keep the parameters confidential.
(2) Audit of Income Tax affairs of persons selected under sub-section (1) shall be conducted as per procedure given in section 177 and all the provisions of the Ordinance, except the first proviso to sub-section (1) of section 177, shall apply accordingly.
(3) For the removal of doubt it is hereby declared that Board shall be deemed always to have had the power to select any persons or classes of persons for audit of Income Tax affairs.
Explanation.— For the removal of doubt, it is declared that the powers of the Commissioner under section 177 are independent of the powers of the Board under this section and nothing contained in this section restricts the powers of the Commissioner to call for the
record or documents including books of accounts of a taxpayer for audit and to conduct audit under section 177.
214D is omitted.
214E. Closure of audit.─ (1) Notwithstanding the omission of section 214D, audit of income tax affairs of a taxpayer under sub-section (2) of section 214D shall be deemed to have been concluded, if─
(i) taxpayer has been selected for audit under sub-section (1) of the omitted section 214D;
(ii) notice under section 122 has not been issued;
(iii) the taxpayer has revised return voluntarily, by thirty first day of December, 2018, alongwith payment of 25% higher tax than the tax paid with return on the basis of taxable income and where no tax is payable 2% of the turnover and where no turnover is declared penalty under entry at Serial No. 1 of sub-section (1) of section 182 has been paid voluntarily:
Provided that the condition of revision, 25% higher tax or 2% of the turnover shall not apply, if the taxable income of the taxpayer includes only salary income or income subject to final taxation under sub-section (1) of section 169 or subject to taxation under section 5, 5AA, 6, 7, 7A or 7B.
Explanation.— For the removal of doubt it is clarified that only audit initiated as a result of automatic selection under the omitted section 214D shall stand abated under this section and audit initiated or to be initiated on the basis of definite information or otherwise as per provisions of section 177 or 214C shall be conducted independently.”
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the Board may prescribe procedure for conclusion of audit of income tax affairs of a person automatically selected for audit under omitted section 214D.
(3) The prescribed procedure under sub-section (2) may include acceptance of declared income of a taxpayer for a tax year subject to conditions specified therein.
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