KARACHI: Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) has said that the minimum tax shall apply to income of certain taxpayers including individuals and corporate entities.
The FBR recently updated Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 and explained minimum tax under Section 113.
Section 113: Minimum tax on the income of certain persons.
Sub-Section (1): This section shall apply to a resident company, an individual (having turnover of ten million rupees or above in the tax year 2017 or in any subsequent tax year) and an association of persons (having turnover of ten million rupees or above in the tax year 2017 or in any subsequent tax year) where, for any reason whatsoever allowed under this Ordinance, including any other law for the time being in force—
(a) loss for the year;
(b) the setting off of a loss of an earlier year;
(c) exemption from tax;
(d) the application of credits or rebates; or
(e) the claiming of allowances or deductions (including depreciation and amortization deductions) no tax is payable or paid by the person for a tax year or the tax payable or paid by the person for a tax year is less than the percentage as specified in column (3) of the Table in Division IX of Part-I of the First Schedule of the amount representing the person’s turnover from all sources for that year:
“Explanation.-For the purpose of this sub-section, the expression “tax payable or paid” does not include-
(a) tax already paid or payable in respect of deemed income which is assessed as final discharge of the tax liability under section 169 or under any other provision of this Ordinance; and
(b) tax payable or paid under section 4B.”
Sub-Section (3): Where this section applies:
(a) the aggregate of the person’s turnover as defined in sub-section (3) for the tax year shall be treated as the income of the person for the year chargeable to tax;
(b) the person shall pay as income tax for the tax year (instead of the actual tax payable under this Ordinance), minimum tax computed on the basis of rates as specified in Division IX of Part I of First Schedule;
(c) where tax paid under sub-section (1) exceeds the actual tax payable under Part I, clause (1) of Division I, or Division II of the First Schedule, the excess amount of tax paid shall be carried forward for adjustment against tax liability under the aforesaid Part of the subsequent tax year:
Provided that the amount under this clause shall be carried forward and adjusted against tax liability for five tax years immediately succeeding the tax year for which the amount was paid.
Sub-Section (4): “turnover” means,-
(a) the gross sales or gross receipts, exclusive of Sales Tax and Federal Excise duty or any trade discounts shown on invoices,
or bills, derived from the sale of goods, and also excluding any amount taken as deemed income and is assessed as final discharge of the tax liability for which tax is already paid or payable;
(b) the gross fees for the rendering of services for giving benefits including commissions; except covered by final discharge of tax liability for which tax is separately paid or payable;
(c) the gross receipts from the execution of contracts; except covered by final discharge of tax liability for which tax is separately paid or payable; and
(d) the company’s share of the amounts stated above of any association of persons of which the company is a member.