Treatment of deduction in change of entity control

Treatment of deduction in change of entity control

Section 98 of Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 explained that where there is a change of fifty per cent or more in the underlying ownership of an entity, any loss incurred for a tax year before the change shall not be allowed as a deduction in a tax year after the change

The Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) issued the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 updated up to June 30, 2021. The Ordinance incorporated amendments brought through Finance Act, 2021.

Following is the text of Section 98 of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001:

98. Change in control of an entity.- (1) Where there is a change of fifty per cent or more in the underlying ownership of an entity, any loss incurred for a tax year before the change shall not be allowed as a deduction in a tax year after the change, unless the entity —

(a) continues to conduct the same business after the change as it conducted before the change until the loss has been fully set off; and

(b) does not, until the loss has been fully set off, engage in any new business or investment after the change where the principal purpose of the entity or the beneficial owners of the entity is to utilise the loss so as to reduce the income tax payable on the income arising from the new business or investment.

(2) In this section, —

“entity” means a company or association of persons to which sub-section (1) of section 92 applies;

“ownership interest” means a share in a company or the interest of a member in an association of persons; and

“underlying ownership” in relation to an entity, means an ownership interest in the entity held, directly or indirectly through an interposed entity or entities, by an individual or by a person not ultimately owned by individuals.

98A. Change in the constitution of an association of persons.—Where, during the course of a tax year, a change occurs in the constitution of an association of persons, liability of filing the return on behalf of the association of persons for the tax year shall be on the association of persons as constituted at the time of filing of such return but the income of the association of persons shall be apportioned among the members who were entitled to receive it and, where the tax assessed on a member cannot be recovered from him it shall be recovered from the association of persons as constituted at the time of filing the return.

98B. Discontinuance of business or dissolution of an association of persons.— (1) Subject to the provisions of section 117, where any business or profession carried on by an association of persons has been discontinued, or where an association of persons is dissolved, all the provisions of this Ordinance, shall, so far as may be, apply as if no such discontinuance or dissolution had taken place.

(2) Every person, who was, at the time of such discontinuance or dissolution, a member of such association of persons and the legal representative of any such person who is deceased, shall be jointly and severally liable for the amount of tax payable by the association of persons.

98C. Succession to business, otherwise than on death.— (1) Where a person carrying on any business or profession has been succeeded in any tax year by any other person (hereafter in this section referred to as the “predecessor” and “successor” respectively), otherwise than on the death of the predecessor, and the successor continues to carry on that business or profession,-

(a) the predecessor shall be liable to pay tax in respect of the income of the tax year in which the succession took place upto the date of succession and of the tax year or years preceding that year; and

(b) the successor shall be liable to pay tax in respect of the income of such tax year after the date of succession.

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where the predecessor cannot be found, the tax liability in respect of the tax year in which the succession took place upto the date of succession and of the tax year or years

preceding that year shall be that of the successor in like manner and to the same extent as it would have been that of the predecessor, and all the provisions of this Ordinance shall, so far as may be, apply accordingly.

(3) Where any tax payable under this section in respect of such business or profession cannot be recovered from the predecessor, it shall be recoverable from the successor, who shall be entitled to recover it from the predecessor.

(Disclaimer: The text of above section is only for information. Team PkRevenue.com makes all efforts to provide the correct version of the text. However, the team PkRevenue.com is not responsible for any error or omission.)

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