Customs to secure deferential duty, taxes on provisional assessment

KARACHI: Importers are liable to deposit bank guarantee against deferential amount assessed provisionally by customs authorities on those consignments, which required further examination.

The Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) issued Customs Act, 1969 updated till June 30, 2019 incorporating changes brought through Finance Act, 2019. The updated act explained through Section 81 the security of deferential amount in provisional determination liability.

Section 81: Provisional determination of liability

Sub-Section (1): Where it is not possible for an officer of Customs during the checking of the goods declaration to satisfy himself of the correctness of the assessment of the goods made under section 79 or 131, for reasons that the goods require chemical or other test or a further inquiry, an officer, not below the rank of Assistant Collector of Customs, may order that the duty, taxes and other charges payable on such goods, be determined provisionally:

Provided that the importer, save in the case of goods entered for warehousing, pays such additional amount on the basis of provisional assessment or furnishes bank guarantee or pay order of a scheduled bank along with an indemnity bond for the payment thereof as the said officer deems sufficient to meet the likely differential between the final determination of duty, taxes and other charges over the amount determined provisionally:

Provided further that there shall be no provisional assessment under this section if no differential amount of duty and taxes and other charges is paid or secured against bank guarantee or pay order.

Sub-Section (2): Where any goods are allowed to be cleared or delivered on the basis of such provisional determination, the amount of duty, taxes and charges correctly payable on those goods shall be determined within six months of the date of provisional determination:

Provided that the Collector of Customs or, as the case may be, Director of Valuation, may in circumstances of exceptional nature and after recording such circumstances, extend the period for final determination which shall in no case exceed ninety days:

Provided further that any period, during which the proceedings are adjourned on account of a stay order or for want of clarification from the Board or the time taken through adjournment by the importer, shall be excluded for the computation of aforesaid periods.

Sub-Section (3): On completion of final determination, the amount already paid or guaranteed shall be adjusted against the amount payable on the basis of final determination, and the difference between the two amounts shall be paid forthwith to or by the importer, as the case may be.

Sub-Section (4): If the final determination is not made with the period specified in sub-section (2), the provisional determination shall, in the absence of any new evidence, be deemed to be the final determination.

Sub-Section (5): On completion of final determination under sub-section (3) or (4), the appropriate officer shall issue an order for adjustment, refund or recovery of amount determined, as the case may be.

Explanation.- Provisional assessment means the amount of duties and taxes paid or secured against bank guarantee or pay order.

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