Date of determination of import duty rate under Customs laws

KARACHI: Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) has explained determination of rate of import duty under Customs Act, 1969.

The FBR issued Customs Act, 1969 updated till June 30, 2019 incorporating changes brought through Finance Act, 2019. Section 30 of the Act explained date of determination of rate of import duty.

Section 30: Date of determination of rate of import duty

The rate of duty applicable to any imported goods shall be the rate of duty in force;

(a) in the case of goods cleared for home consumption under section 79, on the date on which a goods declaration is manifested under that section; and

(b) in the case of goods cleared from a warehouse under section 104, on the date on which a goods declaration for clearance of such goods is manifested under that section:

Provided that, where a goods declaration has been manifested in advance of the arrival of the conveyance by which the goods have been imported, the relevant date for the purposes of this section shall be the date on which the manifest of the conveyance is delivered at the port of first entry:

Provided further that, in respect of goods for the clearance of which a goods declaration for clearance has been manifested under section 104, and the duty is not paid within seven days of the goods declaration being manifested, the rate of duty applicable shall be the rate of duty on the date on which the duty is actually paid:

Provided further that in case of the goods illegally removed from the warehouse, the rate of duty shall be the rate prevalent either on the date of in-bonding or detection of case or date of payment of the duty and taxes, whichever is higher:

Provided further that in case of exercising option for redemption of fine in lieu of confiscation of the goods seized during anti-smuggling operations, the rate of duty shall be the rate prevalent either on the date of seizure or date of payment of duty and taxes, whichever is higher:

Provided further that the Board, with approval of the Federal Minister-in-charge may, by notification in the official Gazette, for any goods or class of goods, specify any other date for the determination of rate of duty.

Explanation:- For the purpose of this section “manifested” means that when a machine number is allocated to goods declaration and is registered in Customs record.

Section 30A: Date of determination of rate of duty for clearance through the Customs Computerized System

Subject to the provisions of section 155A, the rate of duty applicable to any imported or exported goods if cleared through the Customs Computerized System, shall be the rate of duty in force on;-

(a) the date of payment of duty;

(b) in case the goods are not chargeable to duty, the date on which the goods declaration is filed with Customs.

Provided that where a goods declaration has been filed in advance of the arrival of the conveyance by which the goods have been imported, the relevant date for the purposes of this section shall be the date on which the manifest of the conveyance is filed at the customs-station of first entry:

Provided further that the Board, with approval of the Federal Minister-in-charge may, by notification in the official Gazette, specify any other date for the determination of rate of duty in respect of any goods or class of goods.

Section 31: Date for determination of rate of duty on goods exported

The rate and amount of duty applicable to any goods exported shall be the rate and amount chargeable at the time of the delivery of the goods declaration under section 131:

Provided that where the export of any goods is permitted without a goods declaration or in anticipation of the delivery of such a declaration, the rate and amount of duty applicable shall be the rate and amount chargeable on the date on which loading of the goods on the outgoing conveyance commences:

Provided further that the Board, with approval of the Federal Minister-in-charge may, by notification in the official Gazette, for any goods or class of goods, specify any other date for determination of the rate of duty.

Section 31A. Effective rate of duty

(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force or any decision of any Court, for the purposes of section 30, 30A and 31, the rate of duty applicable to any goods shall include any amount of duty imposed under section 18,18A and 18C and the amount of duty that may have become payable in consequence of the withdrawal of the whole or any part of the exemption or concession from duty whether before or after the conclusion of a contract or agreement for the sale of such goods or opening of a letter of credit in respect thereof.

(2) For the purpose of determining the value of any imported or exported goods, the rate of exchange at which any foreign currency is to be converted into Pakistan currency shall be the rate of exchange in force on the date immediately preceding the relevant date referred to in sections 30, 30A or 31.

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