ISLAMABAD: The senior officials of the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) have been authorized to access declarations of undisclosed income and assets under amnesty scheme of year 2019.
The FBR issued SRO 369(I)/2021 to notify Assets Declaration Rules, 2021 dated March 31, 2021. Under rule 15 access has been authorized to declarations under the act i.e. Assets Declaration Act, 2019.
According to the rule 15: Member Information Technology and Member IR (Operations) are authorized by the FBR to access the declarations under Section 14 of the Act, on their own or when a request by the concerned chief commissioner IR, supported with reasons, is forwarded to any of the aforementioned Members for provision of a copy of the declaration.
Rule 8 of the notified SRO explained about treatment of asset, income or expenditure in a declaration. According to it the amount of asset, income or expenditure in a valid declaration for and upto tax year 2018 shall not be included in a taxable income of the declarant for any tax year under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001.
The FBR explained: “For removal of doubt it is clarified that any assets, income or expenditure that can be plausibly traced as sourced in assets or income declared in a valid deduction shall not be called into question.”
Rule 9 has explained about the proceedings under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 in respect of the information received other than under Common Reporting Standards (CRS).
Sub Rule 1 stated that subject to sub-rule (2), no proceedings under any provisions of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 shall be initiated on the basis of any information relating to any asset, income or expenditure as the 30th day of June 2018 or any prior period, if the information relates to a declarant under the Asset Declaration Act, 2019 and the declarant files an irrevocable written statement along with documentary evidence to the effect that the source of the asset, income or expenditure in the received information has been the assets, income or expenditure declared under the Act. The declarant shall file such a statement on a notice under Section 176 of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 along with the related documentary evidence.
Sub-Rule 2 of Rule 9 stated that the nature and source of asset, income or expenditure shall not be treated as explained and the Commissioner Inland Revenue or his delegate shall be entitled to proceed under Section 111 of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001, on the basis of definite information acquired from any source other than a valid declaration itself, in following cases:
(a) where the value of asset, income or expenditure, as at the 30th day of June 2018 or before as per the definite information is in excess of value as per declaration; and
(b) where the source of asset, income or expenditure relates to a person other than the declarant.
Sub-Rule 3 of Rule 9 stated that where an action under Section 111 of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 as undertaken in accordance with the sub-rule (2) results in invalidation of the declaration then such an action cannot be initiated without prior approval, for reasons to be recorded in writing, of the chief commissioner inland revenue as defined in clause (11B) of the Section 2 of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001.
Rule 10 explained declaration filed and the information received under CRS. According to sub-rule 1 of the Rule 10, where a foreign asset or income is reported to the FBR under CRS, then prior to any action under any provision of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001, the FBR shall ensure compliance of the condition under the protocol for CRS including exchange of information by the person whose information has been received. On completion of that process, following procedure shall be followed:
(a) the commissioner inland revenue of the concerned person or delegate of the commissioner shall issue a notice under section 176 of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001;
(b) the notice referred in clause (a) of this sub-rule shall enquire as to whether or not such asset, income or expenditure has been declared under the Voluntary Declaration of Domestic Assets Act, 2018 and the Foreign Assets (Declaration and Repatriation) Act, 2018 or Asset Declaration Act, 2019;
(c) if the taxpayer informs the commissioner Inland Revenue or his delegate that the asset, income or expenditure, as reported under the CRS has been declared in a declaration, the commissioner Inland Revenue or his delegate shall require the taxpayer to provide a copy of the declaration; and
(d) the taxpayer on receipt of such notice under section 176 of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 shall:
(i) provide a copy of his declaration where such asset, income or expenditure, as the case may be, has been declared; and
(ii) provide a copy of the declaration of another person, being the beneficial owner, where the asset, income or expenditure referred to in the CRS has been declared.
Sub-Rule 2 of the Rule 10 stated that subject to the provision of Section 11 of the Asset Declaration Act, 2019, in case the information received under CRS as referred above are in agreement then a confirmation in writing shall be issued by the Commissioner Inland Revenue or his delegate that the asset, income or expenditure to the extent referred to in the letter has been declared under the respective declaration law.
Through Rule 11, the FBR explained the beneficial ownership. The sub-rule 01 of Rule 11 stated that in case of matter relating to legal or beneficial ownership of an asset, income or expenditure, the claim of beneficial ownership shall not be questioned unless there is definite information that the asset was created out of sources of a person other than the person claiming the beneficial ownership.
The sub-rule (2) of the Rule 11 stated where in the case of a foreign trust the source of contribution to the trust is claimed by any person other than settler, beneficiary or the trustees, the person so claiming shall be entitled to declare his contribution under the Asset Declaration Act, 2019. Such declaration shall not be called in question merely on account that such person is not the settler, beneficiary or trustee of the trust.
Provided that where the asset, income or expenditure is reported under CRS in the name of settler, beneficiary of the trust or any person, proceedings shall be initiated against such person in the absence of a declaration by such settler, beneficiary or other persons;
Provided further that in such a case any claim, by a third person as contributor to the asset, income or expenditure, shall only be considered if supported with documentary evidence.
Through Rule 12, the FBR also explained declaration made by relatives of holder of public office. Sub-rule 1 of the Rule 12 stated that the status of a person as to the holder of public office or otherwise and the period during which a person remained holder of public office shall not be questioned or challenged by the commissioner Inland Revenue or his delegate if the same is confirmed by the relevant office.
Sub-rule 2 of the Rule 12 stated that no declaration by a person entitled to file a declaration under the Asset Declaration Act, 2019 shall b questioned only for the reason that the declarant is a relative other than spouse and dependent children of the declarant of a person being a holder of public office unless it is confirmed through a definite information that the asset, income or expenditure have been created out of the undisclosed sources of a holder of public office.