Section 37D of Sales Tax Act, 1990 has defined cognizance of offences by special judges.
Following is the text of section 37D of the Sales Tax Act, 1990:
37D. Cognizance of Offences by Special Judges.– (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act or any other law for the time being in force, a Special Judge may, within the limits of his jurisdiction, take cognizance of any offence punishable under this Act:
(a) Upon a report in writing made by an officer of Inland Revenue or by any other officer especially authorized in this behalf by the Federal Government; or
(b) Upon receiving a complaint or information of facts constituting such offence made or communicated by any person; or
(c) Upon his own knowledge acquired during any proceeding before him under this act or under any other law for the time being in force.
(2) Upon the receipt of report under clause (a) of sub-section (1), the Special Judge shall proceed with trial of the accused.
(3) Upon the receipt of a complaint or information under clause (b), or acquired in the manner referred to in clause (c) of sub-section (1), the Special Judge may, before issuing a summon or warrant for appearance of the person complained against, hold a preliminary inquiry for the purpose of ascertaining the truth or falsehood of the complaint, or direct any magistrate or any officer of Inland Revenue or any police officer to hold such inquiry and submit a report, and such Magistrate or officer shall conduct such inquiry and make report accordingly.
(4) If, after conducting such inquiry or after considering the report of such Magistrate or officer, the Special Judge is of the opinion that– –
(a) there is no sufficient ground for proceeding, he may dismiss the complaint, or
(b) there is sufficient ground for proceeding, he may proceed against the person complained against in accordance with law.
(5) A special Judge or a Magistrate or an officer holding inquiry under sub-section (3) may hold such inquiry, as early as possible, in accordance with the provision of section 202 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (Act V of 1898).
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